Thrombophlebitis Darm

Thrombophlebitis Darm



Thrombophlebitis Darm

Ogilvie syndrome is the acute dilation of the colon in the absence Thrombophlebitis Darm any mechanical obstruction in severely ill patients.

Usually the patient has abdominal distentionThrombophlebitis Darm, Thrombophlebitis Darm and altered bowel movements. Ogilvie syndrome may occur after surgery, Thrombophlebitis Darm, especially following coronary artery bypass surgery Thrombophlebitis Darm total joint replacement.

The exact mechanism is not known. The probable explanation is imbalance in the regulation of colonic motor activity by the autonomic nervous system. Acute megacolon develops because of abnormal intestinal motility. Normal colonic Thrombophlebitis Darm requires integration of myogenic, neural, and hormonal influences. The enteric nervous system is independent but is connected to the central nervous system by sympathetic and parasympathetic nerves.

The targets of the enteric neurons are muscle cellssecretory cells, endocrine cellsmicrovasculatureand inflammatory cells. The neurons in the enteric plexuses are stimulated by Thrombophlebitis Darm food boluswhich both distends the gut and stimulates the mucosal surface, leading to the release of factors that stimulate interneurons, Thrombophlebitis Darm. The stimulated interneurons transmit excitatory signals proximally, which cause contraction and inhibitory signals distally, and these in turn cause relaxation.

These signals are transmitted by the neurotransmitters acetylcholine and serotoninamong others. Acute megacolon can also lead to ischemic necrosis in massively dilated intestinal segments.

This is explained by Pascal's law and Laplaces's law. Pascal's principle states that a change in pressure at any point in an enclosed Thrombophlebitis Darm at rest is transmitted undiminished to all points in the fluid; the pressure across all parts of the lumen is equal.

Laplace's law states that:. Thrombophlebitis Darm the wall tension is proportionate to the radius, a dilated intestinal segment has a greater wall tension than a nondilated segment; if the dilatation and tension are sufficiently great, Kosten Salben Krampf flow may be obstructed and ischemia of the bowel will occur. It usually resolves with conservative therapy stopping oral ingestions, i.

A study published in the New England Journal of Medicine showed that neostigmine is a potent pharmacological way of decompressing the colon, Thrombophlebitis Darm. The use of neostigmine is not without risk since it can induce bradyarrhythmia and bronchospasms.

Drug induced megacolon i. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This section is empty. You can help by adding to it. Ogilvie WH December Large-intestine colic due to sympathetic deprivation. A new clinical syndrome". A year-old man with abdominal distention and shock". Diseases of the digestive system primarily K20—K93— Coeliac Tropical sprue Blind loop syndrome Small bowel bacterial overgrowth syndrome Whipple's Short bowel syndrome Steatorrhea Milroy disease Bile acid malabsorption.

Abdominal angina Mesenteric ischemia Angiodysplasia Bowel obstruction: Proctitis Radiation proctitis Proctalgia fugax Rectal prolapse Anismus, Thrombophlebitis Darm. Upper Hematemesis Melena Lower Hematochezia.

Peritonitis Spontaneous bacterial peritonitis Hemoperitoneum Pneumoperitoneum, Thrombophlebitis Darm. Retrieved from " https: Diseases of intestines Varicella zoster virus-associated diseases Rare syndromes Syndromes affecting the gastrointestinal tract.

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Thrombophlebitis Darm

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DermNet NZ does not provide an online consultation service. If you have any concerns with Thrombophlebitis Darm skin or its treatment, Thrombophlebitis Darm, see a dermatologist for advice. Topics A—Z Type in a keyword or click on a letter to search our online library — all about the skin. A A1AD About melanoma: C 9-cis-Retinoic acid cis-retinoic acid C. J Jabs syndrome Jadassohn nevus Jata Jellyfish stings Jessner lymphocytic infiltrate Jessner peel Jewelry allergy Job syndrome Junctional epidermolysis bullosa Juvenile gout Juvenile melanoma Juvenile plantar dermatosis Juvenile plantar dermatosis images Juvenile spring eruption Juvenile systemic granulomatosis Juvenile xanthogranuloma.

V Vaccines against human papilloma virus Vaccines for melanoma Vacuum assisted wound closure Vaginal candidosis Vaginal or genital malodour in women Vaginal thrush Vaginal yeast infection Vaginitis Vaginoplasty Varicella Varicella images Varicose eczema Varicose ulcer Variegate porphyria Variola Vascular malformation images Vascular malformations associated with steal phenomena Vascular proliferations and abnormalities of blood vessels Vascular skin problems Vasculitis Vasculitis images Thrombophlebitis Darm disease VD Velocardiofacial syndrome Vemurafenib Venereal disease Venomous fish Venous eczema Venous lake Venous lake images Venous leg ulcer Venous malformation Venous ulcer Thrombophlebitis Darm Verruca plana pathology Verrucas Verruca vulgaris pathology Verrucous dermatitis Very itchy skin.

W Waardenburg syndrome Thrombophlebitis Darm macroglobulinaemia Waldenström macroglobulinaemia Warfarin-induced skin necrosis Warfarin necrosis pathology Wart virus Watering can foot Wattle Waxing Weber Christian disease Wegener granulomatosis Weir-Mitchell disease Wells syndrome Wells syndrome pathology Werner syndrome Western red cedar Wet gangrene Wet work dermatitis Wet wraps What causes acne?

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